The Pythagorean notion that music was not restricted to the play of tones but that everything in the universe was music, is diametrically contrary to the false belief that all sound is or can be music. Sound itself is not music, and neither its raw sensuality.
It is true that hearing is the most optimal sense with which we count to perceive relationships and therefore to understand music.
But what makes music music?
Without pretending to respond fully to this question, which is largely a mystery, I want to present some ideas:
Music transcends sound to create a plane of relationships, a structure and a form. However, any kind of structure can not be imposed on tones (like for example twelve-tone music does). It has to come from the melodic structure of the singable, from the traditional melody, which is capable of being transmitted orally. This is the first and most important resistance of music. Sound is nothing more than the way we perceive this musical information. The music defines a constellation and the resistances between its elements that are the melody with its horizontal relationships, the harmony with the vertical relationships and the rhythm with the metric relations in time. It is necessary to clarify that these elements are only separable in theory. In practice they are dependent on each other. (Terms such as harmonic rhythm, melodic rhythm, harmonic melody, etc. give testimony of such dependences)
The wonderful thing about our sense of hearing is that the numbers as relations of their elements (their mathematical structure) coincides with the quality since our ears understand simple mathematical relationships in tones and rhythm as very basic and unique qualities. Put another way, our spirit gives a color to each relationship and understands the numerical architecture without being aware of it. It is precisely this point that makes us believe that the ear is our window to the divine world, to the spiritual world that underlies the material.
What differentiates music from any collection of sounds or tones is a sublime intention and a careful and supremely conscious construction, even when the sources of inspiration are unconscious.